Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
What other measures do you think might effective?
(Cambridge IELTS 8 test 3 writing task 2)
身體段 1 ：解釋自己為什麼反對，因為油價也會引響其他大眾交通，也並不會讓用路人因此不去上班。
Undoubtedly, emissions from growing usage of private cars harm our environment and cause huge problems. Solving these problems is likely to need much more than an increase in the price of petrol. Hence, I cannot entirely agree with the given statement and will give more suggestions to tackle those problems.
While it is undeniable that the air pollution is caused by private car use in the city, higher fuel costs might affect other things, including the price of other public transport, not dealing with the main problem directly. People might still need to travel to work even though the fuel price is high. Therefore, this method may not limit or reduce the number of drivers.
However, there are various other measures that could be implemented that would have an enormous effect on these problems. Public transport needs to be cheaper, and the quality has to be better. For example, private car drivers might be encouraged to take the tube to work if the whole system is cleaner and faster. Besides, traffic congestion can also be solved in this way. Furthermore, Uber pool or other sharing economy ideas might also be great solutions. More people travelling to work in the same car can produce less harmful emissions than one person in one car.
In terms of pollution, the types of cars and buses on the roads need to be replaced with hybrid or electric ones. The technology is already available to produce those cars and buses that would be cleaner to use. Persuading manufactures and travellers to adopt this new technology would be a more effective and efficient strategy for improving air quality.
In conclusion, long-term strategies to tackle these problems would depend on educating people to use public transport or cleaner technology, such as electric cars and on government improving the public transport systems.