Many inhabited areas of the world have been affected by severe flooding in recent years. What are some of the causes of this phenomenon?What can be done to prevent it from happening?
Flooding has indeed been a widespread concern these days, as so many countries are affected by this natural disaster. There are several reasons why severe flooding repeatedly happens, but people can take steps to address this issue.
While some flooding is considered natural, some human activities have made it more severe. Urbanisation, for example, plays a significant role in making flooding since it leads to deforestation. As a result, there are insufficient roots in soil or plants as a barrier to hold back excessive amounts of water, and flooding inevitably occurs. Furthermore, after industrialisation, people produce more emissions and greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, leading to global warming, melting the ice in Antarctica and rising sea levels. Hence, severe flooding is more likely to happen when torrential rainfall happens.
However, steps could be taken to alleviate the problem. First, the government can declare several sanctuaries around the coastline. For example, an area in northern Taiwan was declared a mangrove sanctuary with an enormous number of plants, which prevents severe flooding. Secondly, people and the government can plant more trees in the mountains so that there should be enough roots in soil to stop flooding from happening. Finally, the government can pass new laws related to carbon offset or carbon price to make emissions be produced less to slow down global warming; hence, sea levels might rise less than some experts expected, and severe flooding may not happen as regular.
In conclusion, severe flooding is caused by human activities; however, various measures can be taken to tackle the problems.(259 words)